What Women Can Do To Treat Hair Loss

Our obsession with our hair reaches a whole new level when we start losing it. What we could once bend (or straighten or color) to our will feels suddenly, terrifyingly beyond our control. Or is it? Many of the causes of hair loss — crash dieting, reactions to medications — are temporary; address the underlying issue and your hair will grow back. Unfortunately, the most common culprit, genetic female pattern hair loss, is chronic. But you don’t have to operate at a loss.

You’re Not Alone
Sixty percent of women are dealing with some degree of hair loss … or have in the past … or will in the future.

The Good Bets

The topical solution
Minoxidil (brand name Rogaine), the only FDA-approved medication for female hair loss, is available over-the-counter in 2 and 5 percent formulas. (Only the lower dose is approved for women.) Massage it into your scalp twice a day; you should notice regrowth in six months. Results last only as long as you use the medicine. ($50 for a three-month supply)

The prescription drug
Spironolactone (brand name Aldactone) and finasteride (brand names Propecia and Proscar) are antiandrogen medications that can be prescribed off-label to postmenopausal women. (The drugs can cause birth defects, so they’re not given to women of childbearing age.) Some 50 percent of women with female pattern hair loss will likely see regrowth. (Up to $90 for a one-month supply)

The permanent route
With a hair transplant, hair is removed from one part of the scalp and then implanted where you’re thinning. Tiny “follicular units” of two to four hairs are transplanted; this can be effective even for women with diffuse thinning and few areas of “donor hair.” In a survey of hair transplant surgeons led by dermatologist Walter Unger, MD, over half said that at least 40 percent of women with female pattern hair loss are candidates for surgery; many of those doctors believe that up to 80 percent of women with thinning hair can see successful results. ($3,000 to $15,000, depending on number of grafts and transplant sessions)

Instant and Cheap Gratification

Fullmore ($22) is a tinted spray that temporarily thickens hair with tiny fibers and conceals visible scalp. Hair restoration specialist Lucinda Ellery tells clients to try it before committing to extensions; for many it’s the only fix they need.

Pantene AgeDefy Advanced Thickening Treatment ($20) is a styling spray that plumps each hair fiber. In a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology in 2011, it increased the diameter of individual hairs significantly, by about 10 percent.

The Future Looks Bright (and Very Full)
Not satisfied with existing hair loss solutions? Sit tight…

Some doctors are already using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to stimulate hair growth, and there are many studies under way on the best methods to harness the technology. When separated from a patient’s own blood, platelets release growth factors, which are then injected into the scalp to stimulate the hair shafts. “So far we’re seeing decreased hair loss after one or two treatments, and some degree of new growth after three to five,” says New York City dermatologist Neil Sadick, MD.

Bimatoprost, the synthetic prostaglandin in the prescription lash-growth serum Latisse, is in clinical trials for FDA approval as a topical scalp hair loss treatment. It could be available in the next few years.

Many researchers are investigating hair cloning. “I am hopeful that by 2025, we will be able to multiply hair from a small biopsy to produce unlimited follicles for transplantation,” says hair restoration surgeon Alan Bauman, MD.

Source : http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/30/how-to-treat-women-hair-loss_n_4150805.html

What Women Can Do To Treat Hair Loss

Bald men rejoice! Possible ‘cure’ for baldness is on the horizon

But experts have discovered a new way to stimulate hair regrowth using human skin to bring hope to millions of men who are a bald.

Male pattern baldness affects over half of men to some extent over the age of 50 and most men at some stage in their lives. It is a normal part of the ageing process and overall most men choose not to undergo any kind of treatment.

However, for some men the process of losing their hair can be distressing – particularly if it is excessive or occurs early in life.

But that could soon come to an end, as scientists now believe that they could cure the condition altogether.

We have discovered that macrophages, cells whose main function is traditionally attributed to fight infections and wound repair, are also involved in the activation of hair follicle stem cells in non-inflamed skin.

Dr Mirna Perez-Moreno

Previous research has identified signals from the skin that help prompt new phases of hair growth. Yet the experts have long been puzzled by exactly how different types of cells in the skin actually activate hair growth.

Now, however, researchers at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have discovered an unexpected link between skin regeneration and the body’s defence system.

Their efforts have revealed that cells from the immune system called macrophages which devour invading pathogens are somehow involved in the process.

The study, Published in the journal PLOS Biology, suggests that macrophages induce hair growth by surrounding and activating stem cells in the skin which have regenerative capacity.

Dr Mirna Perez-Moreno, who was one of the researchers on the project, said: “We have discovered that macrophages, cells whose main function is traditionally attributed to fight infections and wound repair, are also involved in the activation of hair follicle stem cells in non-inflamed skin.”

Dr Perez-Moreno and her colleagues believe that their discovery could potentially be applied to issues involving tissue regeneration, ageing and cancer.

Hair is made in hair follicles which are like tiny pouches just under the skin surface. A hair normally grows from each follicle for about three years. It is then shed and a new hair grows from the follicle. This cycle of hair growth, shedding and new growth goes on throughout life.

Studies into baldness suggest that it occurs when affected hair follicles on the scalp gradually become smaller than normal. Male hormone are thought to be involved in these changes, though some women – mainly after menopause – can also lose their hair.

The doctor made her discovery unexpectedly, while working on another research project.

Mice that she was working with at the time started to regrow hair after being given anti-inflammatory drugs. She and her lab colleagues then began to test different types of cells involved in the body’s defence system to try and uncover a role in hair growth.

They found that when skin cells are dormant, a fraction of macrophages die naturally due to a normal process called apoptosis. However, the dying and surviving cells activated nearby stem cells and hair began to grow again.

Although the study was carried out on mice, the researchers believe their discovery may enable the development of new treatments for baldness in humans.

Source : http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/548614/Bald-men-rejoice-Possible-cure-for-baldness-is-on-the-horizon

By Lianne Kolirin

Bald men rejoice! Possible ‘cure’ for baldness is on the horizon

Baldness cure could be here in five years say experts

A “wonder pill” has been tested on three alopecia sufferers and restored the hair on all of them – and experts say a cure for male baldness is around the corner.

Yesterday, Mark Blake of The Trichological Society said: “It is a matter of time before we find a cure for male pattern baldness as well as alopecia. We know so much more about hair today and how it grows.

“We would like to think a cure could come within five years, definitely 10.”

He said experts believe the cure could possibly come through stem cell research.

Though there is no connection between the causes of alopecia – an auto-immune disease which causes patches of hair to fall out – and male pattern baldness, which is hormone driven and hereditary, scientists are now making important discoveries for both conditions.

Currently, there is a raft of treatments to help offset and treat male-pattern baldness, including medication such as the anti-hypertension treatment minoxidil.

However, the discovery of a cure would mark one of the biggest health developments in recent years.

But if it continues to be successful and safe, it will have a dramatic, positive impact on the lives of people with this disease

US lead researcher Dr Raphael Clynes

The alopecia wonder pill was discovered when US doctors did pilot trails on three patients after identifying the immune cells responsible for destroying hair follicles in people with alopecia. Within five months of being put on the drug, ruxolitinib, all three – who had moderate to severe alopecia – experienced complete hair growth.

The drug’s effectiveness was linked to the disappearance of immune cells that attacked hair follicles in the scalp.

US lead researcher Dr Raphael Clynes, from Columbia University Medical Center, New York, said: “We’ve only begun testing the drug in patients.

“But if it continues to be successful and safe, it will have a dramatic, positive impact on the lives of people with this disease.”

There are around 600,000 sufferers of alopecia in the UK, which is commonly treated with steroids – and they tend to have nasty side-effects.

These can include abnormal growth in body parts and the hair growing back frizzy.

One of the most high-profile British sufferers is Scots TV presenter Gail Porter, 43, who refuses to wear a wig or hat to hide her baldness.

Source: http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/500588/Baldness-cure-here-in-five-years

By John Reynolds

Baldness cure could be here in five years say experts

How beehives could help battle baldness

Hair loss sufferers may have to look no further than their local beekeeper for a cure. According to the American Chemical Society, scientists from Hokkaido University in Japan have recently discovered that propolis, a substance in beehives, encourages hair growth in mice.

“I expect that propolis [can] improve hair loss due to inflammation through the anti-inflammatory properties and the keratinocyte-proliferative effect,” Ken Kobayashi, who led the study, told FoxNews.com.

The anti-inflammatory properties of propolis, a resin-like material that honeybees use to patch holes in their hives, are nothing new. Ancient people used propolis for wound healing, and in modern times the material has been utilized as a burn, acne and tumor treatment. However, it wasn’t until recently that the substance has been seen as a possible weapon in the war against hair loss.  According to Kobayashi, “recent studies [have] pointed out that propolis has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and proliferative properties. Interestingly, normal hair growth needs active proliferation of hair epithelial cells without excessive inflammation. Therefore, we came up with the idea.”

Propolis aids in the growth of keratinocytes – cells that are a component in hair shaft and follicle production. Upon applying the substance to the skin of shaved mice, Kobayashi and his team found that it stimulated the keratinocytes’ proliferation and migration into the hair shaft, re-growing the treated mice’s fur much faster than in mice who did not receive the topical application. While it has been noted that the mice treated were shaved and not balding, the researchers remain confident that the compound will grow hair lost to inflammation.

This doesn’t mean every guy losing his hair should start crushing up beehives to rub on his head. According to Dr. Zoe Diana Draelos, a board-certified dermatologist and a Fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology, propolis’ anti-inflammatory properties would do little for male-pattern baldness.

“The reason people start to go bald is because, especially in men, the testosterone that is released in puberty shuts down some of the hair follicles on the top of the scalp,” she told FoxNews.com. “That has nothing to do with inflammation. Inflammation can cause hair loss, but there are specific medical conditions where that occurs. Those conditions are diseases like alopecia areata.” Draelos notes that Finasteride, also known as Propecia, is “probably the most effective thing to treat male-pattern hair loss [currently on the market].”

Whether or not propolis is effective against inflammation-induced conditions such as alopecia areata (which, according to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation’s website, currently affects more than 6.5 million Americans) remains to be seen. Kobayashi and his team are currently studying propolis’ effect on human hair follicles in vitro, with a subsequent clinical trial study to take place depending upon the results. One of the hopes is that it can be applied as a topical in conjunction with minoxidil, which is the primary substance used in Rogaine. “Propolis is a natural ingredient without any side effects,” Kobayashi said. “A combination of propolis and minoxidil may be [very] effective.”

The study was published Nov. 22 in the American Chemical Society’s Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Source: http://www.foxnews.com/science/2014/12/16/how-beehives-could-help-battle-baldness/

By : Walt Bonner

How beehives could help battle baldness

Cure For Baldness? Spanish Scientists Use Stem Cells To Restore Hair Growth

In 2014, we are able to restore sight to the blind and hearing to the deaf, but still figuring out a way to reverse hair loss eludes us. Well, 2015 may prove otherwise, as researchers in Spain believe they’ve found a way to spur new hair growth by using our body’s immune defense to stimulate stem cells in the surrounding skin.

Stem cell technology is being used for everything, from HIV treatment to reversing neurodegenerative disease, so why not try using it to tackle the much more common problem of hair loss. According to a recent press release, scientists have figured out a way to manipulate macrophages, a certain type of white blood cell, into reactivating hair follicles. The result? No more baldness.

In their study, published in PLOS Biology, the team succeeded in getting the macrophages to activate the stem cells in hair follicles on non-inflamed skin. The discovery was actually found by chance, when researchers realized that mice given anti-inflammatory drugs had the curious side effect of hair regrowth. Dr. Mirna Perex-Moreno, one of the researchers involved in the project, wondered if the hair growth was connected to the body’s immune reaction, and it turned out that she was right. Although macrophages are cells from the immune system which mainly help to fight infection and wound repair, it also seems that they play a role in activating the skin’s stem cells.

Although the study was carried out in mice, Dr. Mirna Perex-Moreno, the lead researcher, and her team are confident that similar results can be repeated in human subjects.

The study, although only in the very early stages, may be useful in the treatment of baldness. Baldness is a condition which causes the receding of the hairline and thinning of hair on the crown of the head. It’s believed to be caused by both genetic predisposition and hormones.

As of now, there is no way to slow down the balding process, and a definitive way to spark hair growth remains elusive. Many are heavily invested in finding a cure for the disease, believed to affect as many as 35 million American men. Earlier this year, Mark Black from The Trichological Society, an organization that focuses on hair sciences, explained his belief that a cure is possible within the next five years and will most definitely be here in the next 10.

“It is a matter of time before we find a cure for male pattern baldness as well as alopecia. We know so much more about hair today and how it grows,” Blake told Express.

Source: Castellana D, Paus R, Perex-Moreno M. Macrophages Contribute to the Cyclic Activation of Adult Hair Follicle Stem Cells. PLOS Biology. 2014.

Source : http://www.medicaldaily.com/cure-baldness-spanish-scientists-use-stem-cells-restore-hair-growth-315446

Dec 23, 2014 03:35 PM By           

Cure For Baldness? Spanish Scientists Use Stem Cells To Restore Hair Growth

Your Diabolical Follicles: Treating Male Pattern Baldness

Are you one of the 70% of men who is suffering from male pattern baldness (MPB)? Do you want to stop it and even, possibly, reverse it? Boil a cup of mustard oil with four tablespoons of henna leaves, let it cool, then massage it daily onto the balding areas. Better yet, create a paste from honey, beer, and boiled wheat, and have it applied gently (to your scalp, of course) by the hands of a virgin. Or you could rub goose droppings onto your dome, the way the Vikings did. Other types of animal excrement could work as well: Cow feces and pig urine are both good topical solutions. And if the business end of a cow doesn’t provide relief, turn her around and have her lick a combination of molasses and oats off your head. There’s a baldness clinic in South America that swears it will return your hair to its teenage luster.

Sound crazy? Not to everyone. A full head of hair is associated with strength, virility, youth, and power. Though men aren’t encouraged to openly discuss their emotional reaction to hair loss, it’s there. Frustration, depression, loss of self-esteem, social withdrawal, even suicide. It’s not just about looks, although that’s certainly a part of it; it’s about a loss of control, the passage of time, mortality. “When men lose their hair, it can be devastating,” says Spencer Kobren, founder and president of the American Hair Loss Association and founder of thebaldtruth.com. “Most guys would do just about anything to keep from going bald. We’d rather regrow our hair than lose body fat. If you told a balding guy he could keep his hair if he were to run five miles a day and eat a specific diet, he’d absolutely do it. An overweight guy? Maybe. Hair is different.”

Kobren should know. He started losing his hair in his early 20s, and he panicked. He reasoned that women would rather date a man with all his hair. (He might have been correct. During an online dating experiment conducted in the U.K., two photographs with identical descriptions of the same man were used–except one had been digitally altered to show him with thinning hair, while the other showed a full head–the thick-haired profiled received nearly five times as many responses from women). So he hung upside down with gravity boots after taking niacin capsules to create a flushing sensation; rubbed cayenne pepper on his scalp to stimulate hair growth; and wrapped his head in scalding-hot towels to draw out the oily matter called sebum from the sebaceous glands, because he’d heard the theory that oil buildup beneath the scalp’s surface can damage hair follicles.

None of it worked, of course. “There are as many desperate home remedies as there are receding hairlines,” Kobren says. “If any of them really worked, it would be prime-time, head-line news. You really think some guy in his basement in Wisconsin has the cure to hair loss? You want to believe it, but come on.” Of the seemingly infinite treatment options to slow or reverse baldness, there are only three that are widely accepted as valid. But before you learn how to keep your hair, you need to understand why you’re losing it.

Source :http://www.mensfitness.com/styleandgrooming/fashion/your-diabolical-follicles-treating-male-pattern-baldness


Your Diabolical Follicles: Treating Male Pattern Baldness

The Truth About Hair Loss And Baldness Cures

Hair loss, common for men and many women in midlife, can have profound emotional and psychological effects. So, too, can baldness cures advertised as magical remedies.

“There’s this guy, a regular caller on my radio show, who had his head disfigured by a terrible hair transplant,” says Spencer Kobren, founder and president of the American Hair Loss Association and author of The Bald Truth: The First Complete Guide to Preventing and Treating Hair Loss. “He purposely became a New York City cop so he could wear a hat.” And he refused promotions so he could remain a beat cop and keep wearing the hat.

Forty percent of hair loss sufferers are women, and the phenomenon can be particularly devastating for them. “With men, hair loss in midlife is expected and they can still be seen as attractive,” says Kobren. “But for a woman, it is over.”

This makes women especially vulnerable to all manner of hair loss “cures,” and the possibility of spending lots of money, time and emotional investment on ineffective treatments.

“A lot of men are suicidal,” says David Kingsley, author of The Hair Loss Cure. “And it is very traumatic for women. It affects their social life and their life with their spouse or partner.”

Hair loss treatment is a $3.5 billion industry — as big as the over-the-counter cold and flu market. “But about 99 percent of the treatments don’t work at all,” says Kobren.

So what triggers hair loss in midlife, what really helps and what is nothing but a gimmick?

The Causes of Hair Loss

The most effective treatment for hair loss depends on what is causing hair to fall out in the first place. There are a variety of reasons men and women lose hair, according to Kingsley. They include:

  • Heredity
  • Hormones
  • Stress
  • Poor diet/missing nutrients
  • Chemical hair styling services
  • Certain medications
  • Surgery or high temperature

Sometimes the cause is a combination of factors. One person may lose hair due to a mix of stress and a recent surgery or medications. Male pattern baldness (MPB), on the other hand, is the result of the intersection of hormones and heredity, occurring in men who have a genetic sensitivity to the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

Contrary to popular belief, notes Kingsley, genetic hair loss probably isn’t tied to your mother’s father. “The latest research indicates girls follow mother’s father, boys follow father’s father,” says Kingsley. “But most likely, it is an assortment from both.”

The very first step a person should take, says Sophia Emmanuel, a certified trichologist (a professional trained in all aspects of care and treatment for the head and scalp) in New York City, is to find a dermatologist or trichologist to help diagnose the root cause of hair loss.

Diagnosis can include blood work to test for nutrient deficiencies, scalp examination (looking at patterns and shapes of hair loss, possibly a skin biopsy) and gathering medical, lifestyle and family information.

Once you know the cause of hair loss, you can choose targeted treatments that help maintain the hair you do have or regrow new hair.

Hair Loss Treatments

One hair loss myth, note both Emmanuel and Kingsley, is that all hair loss is permanent. “It’s not,” says Kingsley.

When the cause is nutrient deficiency or stress, for example, the hair loss is typically temporary. In such cases, hair growth can be encouraged by addressing the underlying problems: working to build up the body’s stores of zinc, boosting iron levels and better managing stress — though experts note that it may take several months to see progress.

Genetic hair loss, on the other hand, is largely permanent, as is any type of hair loss triggered by scarring on the scalp, says Emmanuel. Scarring can be caused by chemical hair styling services or too-tight pony tails, a problem Emmanuel sees with many African American women who are hair-loss sufferers. She adds that scarring can also be triggered by some autoimmune disorders.

Women with genetic or autoimmune related hair loss “have very few options” for hair regrowth, says Kobren. Minoxidil (brand name Rogaine) has been FDA-approved for women in a 2 percent concentration, but it only helps maintain existing hair and does not promote regrowth.

Kobren encourages women interested in using minoxidil to buy it over-the-counter to save money. Lots of companies will add minoxidil to expensive shampoos and charge top dollar, he says, when straight minoxidil is available for much less money at regular pharmacies.

Men with genetically-driven hair loss have more options for hair regrowth, continues Kobren, thanks to a drug called finasteride, which is marketed as Propecia by the pharmaceutical giant Merck. Finasteride works by blocking the creation of dihydrotestosterone, which fuels male pattern baldness, and double-blind clinical trials have shown that finasteride can noticeably thicken men’s hair.

Many men shy away from taking finasteride, however, because of the possibility of sexual side effects, including loss of libido. And, more recently, studies have shown that those side effects may persist after discontinuation of the medicine.

What About Surgery?

Surgery can be an effective option for men with male pattern baldness, says Kobren. The procedure’s success is predicated on moving DHT resistant hair to areas on the scalp that previously grew DHT-sensitive hair. Because DHT sensitivity is rarely the problem for women, they almost never gain long-term benefit from the procedure.

This is despite aggressive marketing to women, who may feel vulnerable due to hair loss, making them a susceptible target.

Kobren says: “Surgery is often the first place women go, but I strongly advise them against it.”

Men, too, need to use caution because the success of the procedure all depends on the quality and training of the practitioner performing it.

“The whole field of cosmetic surgery is a very dangerous place,” says Kobren, and that is especially true in the booming hair loss market. “I know a gynecologist who promotes himself as a hair transplant specialist.”

In the wrong hands, a transplant can disfigure and further traumatize a hair loss sufferer.

Kobren founded a group, the International Alliance of Hair Restoration Surgeons (IAHRS.org), to help identify qualified practitioners. He said the organization has received over 900 applications, but accepted just 65 people based on the quality of their work.

He advises people interested in transplants to comb through the site for someone in their area. But Kobren cautions that the site is just a starting point — a place to begin to do due diligence. Just because someone is listed there, says Kobren, doesn’t make him or her the right practitioner for a particular client.

The most important thing someone interested in surgery can do, says Kobren, is homework: talk to specialists, meet people they’ve worked on, read reviews online. This piece is critically important for success.

It is also important given the price of the surgery.

“The average surgery is about 2,000 grafts,” says Kobren, “and grafts are between $5 and $11 per graft. You can be talking a minimum investment of $20,000.”

Other “Cures” and Myths

Kobren believes that two other emerging therapies hold promise: platlet-rich plasma therapy and laser therapy, but at this point he doesn’t endorse either.“I haven’t seen enough clinical data yet to show that it works,” he says. Anecdotal evidence, however, has been promising.

The vast majority of other miracle cures — like thickening shampoos or standing on your head — are nothing more than snake oil, says Kobren. And even effective therapies can be ineffective if the treatment and the root cause don’t align.

Kinsley highlights three other myths about hair loss:

  • Myth: Washing your hair every day causes hair loss. “That’s rubbish,” says Kinsley. “It doesn’t make your hair fall out. Don’t be frightened.”
  • Myth: Shaving your head makes hair grow faster. “No, it doesn’t,” says Kinsley.
  • Myth: There is a fast solution. With some medical issues there is a quick fix, says Kinsley. “A person goes on medicine and it’s all under control. With hair loss, it’s different. There is no one thing you can put on the scalp or take to fix the problem.”

Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/08/hair-loss-baldness-cure_n_6101528.html

By Laine Bergeson

The Truth About Hair Loss And Baldness Cures